希望能和小伙伴们一起进步,特此开放友情链接功能。申请的友情链接博主审批后会出现在本站下方Footer,最好能有友情链接互换位。点击这里立即申请友情链接

用ES6的class模仿Vue写一个双向绑定

日期:2018-04-19 19:50作者:Bougie

最终效果如下:
image
点击在线尝试一下

构造器(constructor)

构造一个TinyVue对象,包含基本的el,data,methods

class TinyVue{
    constructor({el, data, methods}){
        this.$data = data
        this.$el = document.querySelector(el)
        this.$methods = methods
        // 初始化
        this._compile()
        this._updater()
        this._watcher()
    }
}

编译器(compile)

用于解析绑定到输入框和下拉框的v-model和元素的点击事件@click。 先创建一个函数用来载入事件:

// el为元素tagName,attr为元素属性(v-model,@click)
_initEvents(el, attr, callBack) {
    this.$el.querySelectorAll(el).forEach(i => {
        if(i.hasAttribute(attr)) {
            let key = i.getAttribute(attr)
            callBack(i, key)
        }
    })
}

载入输入框事件

this._initEvents('input, textarea', 'v-model', (i, key) => {
    i.addEventListener('input', () => {
        Object.assign(this.$data, {[key]: i.value})
    })
})

载入选择框事件

this._initEvents('select', 'v-model', (i, key) => {
    i.addEventListener('change', () => Object.assign(this.$data, {[key]: i.options[i.options.selectedIndex].value}))
})

载入点击事件

点击事件对应的是methods中的事件

this._initEvents('*', '@click', (i, key) => {
    i.addEventListener('click', () => this.$methods[key].bind(this.$data)())
})

视图更新器(updater)

同理先创建公共函数来处理不同元素中的视图,包括input、textarea的value,select的选择值,div的innerHTML

_initView(el, attr, callBack) {
    this.$el.querySelectorAll(el, attr, callBack).forEach(i => {
        if(i.hasAttribute(attr)) {
            let key = i.getAttribute(attr),
                data = this.$data[key]
            callBack(i, key, data)
        }
    })
}

更新输入框视图

this._initView('input, textarea', 'v-model', (i, key, data) => {
    i.value = data
})

更新选择框视图

this._initView('select', 'v-model', (i, key, data) => {
    i.querySelectorAll('option').forEach(v => {
        if(v.value == data) v.setAttribute('selected', true)
        else v.removeAttribute('selected')
    })
})

更新innerHTML

这里实现方法有点low,仅想到正则替换{{text}}

let regExpInner = /\{{ *([\w_\-]+) *\}}/g
this.$el.querySelectorAll("*").forEach(i => {
    let replaceList = i.innerHTML.match(regExpInner) || (i.hasAttribute('vueID') && i.getAttribute('vueID').match(regExpInner))
    if(replaceList) {
        if(!i.hasAttribute('vueID')) {
            i.setAttribute('vueID', i.innerHTML)
        }
        i.innerHTML = i.getAttribute('vueID')
        replaceList.forEach(v => {
            let key = v.slice(2, v.length - 2)
            i.innerHTML = i.innerHTML.replace(v, this.$data[key])
        })
    }
})

监听器(watcher)

数据变化之后更新视图

_watcher(data = this.$data) {
    let that = this
    Object.keys(data).forEach(i => {
        let value = data[i]
        Object.defineProperty(data, i, {
            enumerable: true,
            configurable: true,
            get: function () {
                return value;
            },
            set: function (newVal) {
                if (value !== newVal) {
                    value = newVal;
                    that._updater()
                }
            }
        })
    })
}

使用

<div id="app">
    <input type="text" v-model="text1"><br>
    <input type="text" v-model="text2"><br>
    <textarea type="text" v-model="text3">textarea><br>
    <button @click="add">加一button>
    <h1>您输入的是:{{text1}}+{{text2}}+{{text3}}h1>
    <select v-model="select">
        <option value="volvo">Volvooption>
        <option value="saab">Saaboption>
    select>
    <select v-model="select">
        <option value="volvo">Volvooption>
        <option value="saab">Saaboption>
    select>
    <h1>您选择了:{{select}}h1>
div>
<script src="./TinyVue.js">script>
<script>
    let app = new TinyVue({
        el: '#app',
        data: {
            text1: 123,
            text2: 456,
            text3: '文本框',
            select: 'saab'
        },
        methods: {
            add() {
                this.text1 ++
                this.text2 ++
            }
        }
    })
script>

TinyVue全部代码

class TinyVue{
    constructor({el, data, methods}){
        this.$data = data
        this.$el = document.querySelector(el)
        this.$methods = methods
        this._compile()
        this._updater()
        this._watcher()
    }
    _watcher(data = this.$data) {
        let that = this
        Object.keys(data).forEach(i => {
            let value = data[i]
            Object.defineProperty(data, i, {
                enumerable: true,
                configurable: true,
                get: function () {
                    return value;
                },
                set: function (newVal) {
                    if (value !== newVal) {
                        value = newVal;
                        that._updater()
                    }
                }
            })
        })
    }
    _initEvents(el, attr, callBack) {
        this.$el.querySelectorAll(el).forEach(i => {
            if(i.hasAttribute(attr)) {
                let key = i.getAttribute(attr)
                callBack(i, key)
            }
        })
    }
    _initView(el, attr, callBack) {
        this.$el.querySelectorAll(el, attr, callBack).forEach(i => {
            if(i.hasAttribute(attr)) {
                let key = i.getAttribute(attr),
                    data = this.$data[key]
                callBack(i, key, data)
            }
        })
    }
    _updater() {
        this._initView('input, textarea', 'v-model', (i, key, data) => {
            i.value = data
        })
        this._initView('select', 'v-model', (i, key, data) => {
            i.querySelectorAll('option').forEach(v => {
                if(v.value == data) v.setAttribute('selected', true)
                else v.removeAttribute('selected')
            })
        })
        let regExpInner = /\{{ *([\w_\-]+) *\}}/g
        this.$el.querySelectorAll("*").forEach(i => {
            let replaceList = i.innerHTML.match(regExpInner) || (i.hasAttribute('vueID') && i.getAttribute('vueID').match(regExpInner))
            if(replaceList) {
                if(!i.hasAttribute('vueID')) {
                    i.setAttribute('vueID', i.innerHTML)
                }
                i.innerHTML = i.getAttribute('vueID')
                replaceList.forEach(v => {
                    let key = v.slice(2, v.length - 2)
                    i.innerHTML = i.innerHTML.replace(v, this.$data[key])
                })
            }
        })
    }
    _compile() {
        this._initEvents('*', '@click', (i, key) => {
            i.addEventListener('click', () => this.$methods[key].bind(this.$data)())
        })
        this._initEvents('input, textarea', 'v-model', (i, key) => {
            i.addEventListener('input', () => {
                Object.assign(this.$data, {[key]: i.value})
            })
        })
        this._initEvents('select', 'v-model', (i, key) => {
            i.addEventListener('change', () => Object.assign(this.$data, {[key]: i.options[i.options.selectedIndex].value}))
        })
    }
}